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eSchool of Graduate PME - Resources: Writing Center

Writing Center

This writing center contains five main areas:

  1. Key Documents - provides easy access to key documents to help with eSchool assignments,
  2. The Writing Process - deals with the process of writing, providing specific information on each piece in the process,
  3. Supporting Ideas & Citing - deals with supporting your arguments as well as how and when to give credit to others,
  4. Research Writing Guides - deals specifically with writing research papers for the Masters degree program, and
  5. Additional Resources - provides access to a range of excellent resources and reference guides to help make you an even better writer.

Key Documents

These are the key documents to help you with written assignments. (back to top)

Sample format for eSchool essays (Word document, 3 pages)


This format should be used for all eSchool essay submissions.

Guidance on writing eSchool white papers (PDF document, 6 pages)


This guidance should be used for all eSchool white paper submissions.

AFH 33-337

AFH 33-337 Tongue and Quill (370 pages)

The new edition of The Tongue and Quill (Change 1, 19 Nov 15) provides a comprehensive list of writing rules and tips. It also provides specific requirements and examples for various types of military writing products such as Staff Summary Sheets, Biographies, and Resumes. Additionally it includes information on using other types of communication such as social media and conducting meetings.

AU-1 Style and Author Guide

AU-1 Style and Author Guide (240 pages)

This style guide contains writing advice on a great deal of writing topics such as grammar and punctuation ideas, what to capitalize, how to abbreviate things, etc. But this style guide is most often used to find citation formats which can be found at Part I - Appendix B (page 171).


The Writing Process

Follow through these items to review the process of writing, or browse by topic to find a specific area you want to review.
Please note in this "Writing Process" section only the portion of Tongue and Quill that directly applies to the given topic is presented. The entire Tongue and Quill .pdf can be accessed in the "Additional Resources" section below.(back to top)

How to Write an essay

Haven't Written an Essay in Forever? (~2 min video)

This brief video clip gives a very good overview of the basics for organizing an essay. If you can get this organization down you'll be well on your way to a great essay.

10 Ways to Think about Writing

10 Ways to Think About Writing (Website)

"10 Ways to Think About Writing: Metaphoric Musings For College Writing Students" by E. Shelley Reid, has great ideas, not only for writing, but how to approach an essay exam, how to study, how to approach an essay exam, how to support your ideas, etc. This is a great place to start if you haven't been writing for a while.

Assignment and Rubric

The Assignment and the Rubric (No links, information only)

Before you begin to write, you should review the original assignment and the rubric to ensure you have a solid understanding of the purpose of the assignment and what is expected. Also, be sure to allow some time at the end of the process to reread the assignment and rubric and then review your essays to ensure your paper is answering the right question, the right way. Rubrics vary by course so the assignment and specific rubric for your course both need to be accessed from your course menu.

Organize and Outline

Organize and Outline (T&Q Chapter 6, Cover plus 10 pages)

This excerpt from the Tongue and Quill describes one of the most important writing concepts for your essays - how to organize your paper.

Paragraph Structure Video

Paragraph Structure (~5 min video)

Once you get your macro-level organization down, your next job is to organize and write your paragraphs. Paragraph structure, if properly done, is actually quite formulaic and this video reviews how to structure your paragraphs. Don't mind that this appears to be directed for those studying English as a second language, many native English speakers unfortunately neglect to write with this type of structure and it is a good refresher for most of us.

View Tongue & Quill

Writing Your Draft (26 pages)

This chapter from the Tongue and Quill provides things to think about before you draft your paper, and gives you ideas on what to check after you've drafted it. Some of these basic writing skills are good to review whether you consider yourself proficient at writing or not.

View Tongue & Quill Editing Your Draft

Editing Your Draft (12 pages)

Once your paper is written, it is a good idea to review your draft to check your work. This section of the Tongue and Quill describes what the focus of the reviews should be.

View Tongue & Quill Assessing Your Paragraphs

Assessing Your Paragraphs (T&Q excerpt, 1 page)

This one-page excerpt from the Tongue and Quill is actually part of the editing your draft pdf above, but is included specifically to print out and review as you edit your draft. It focuses specifically on paragraph structure.

The Assignment Rubic - Part II

The Assignment & Rubric - Part II (No links, information only)

Just another reminder, please review the original assignment and the rubric for your written deliverable before you turn it in. Does your paper answer the purpose of the assignment and does it meet the requirements as specified in the rubric? Rubrics vary by course so the assignment and specific rubric for your course needs to be accessed from your course menu.


Supporting Ideas & Citing

You can use the ideas of others to support your arguments, but you must give them credit. This section provides information that will help you support your arguments more effectively and provide the proper credit to others. (back to top)

View Chapter 5 of Tongue and Quill (Support Your Ideas)

Supporting Your Ideas (Excerpt from Tongue and Quill, 12 pages)


This section of the Tongue and Quill will provide you with ideas on how to support the assertions you put in your essays.

View Video on Paraphrasing

Paraphrasing (Video, ~5 min)


This video discusses how to paraphrase the things you've heard or read in your own words. It provides some good strategies to weave the things you've read into your essay, without stacking up one quote after another. This also gives ideas on determining when your paraphrase is too close to the original and will help you avoid the dangers of plagiarism. Remember if you paraphrase, you still want to cite your source, even though you aren't citing it word-for-word as you would in a quotation.

View  Appendix B of the AU Style Guide - Citation Format examples

Citation Examples (AU Style Guide Appendix B, 10 pages)


This section of the AU style guide contains citation formats and is the most often portion of the guide. However, the AU-1 Style and Author Guide also contains writing advice on a great deal of writing topics such as grammar and punctuation ideas, what to capitalize, how to abbreviate things, etc. To access the complete style guide go to the additional resources section below.


Research Writing Guides

The OLMP program requires a Research paper as part of the Masters degree. The idea of writing a research paper can be intimidating. The guides in this section should help remove the mystery and give you a clear plan on how to navigate the path to completing your research paper.(back to top)

View the 43 page guide to writing the OLMP research paper

ACSC Research Guide AY15.pdf (43 pages)

The ACSC Research Guide steps through the entire OLMP research paper process from choosing a topic to turning in the paper and getting feedback.

View the research paper template written by Dr. Bentley

The RE-5610/ RE-5611 Research Paper TEMPLATE (Word document - Template)

This word document serves as a template for the RE-5610/ RE-5611 Research Papers.

View the 16 slide pdf presentation on the research paper process

You Want Me to Do What? (16 slide pdf)

This slide presentation covers the purpose of OLMP research program and the steps you need to accomplish as you start the research process.

View the 18 page Mechanics of Research synopsis Tongue and Quill research elements

The Mechanics of Research (18 pages)

This guide is a tailored summary of elements found in Tongue and Quill specifically dealing with the research process.


Additional Resources

This section contains several outstanding websites to help you becomes an even better writer. (back to top)

View the Purdue Online Writing Lab

The Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) (Website)

Purdue offers over 200 free resources including:

  • Avoiding Plagiarism
  • The Writing Process
  • Exercises in Grammar
  • Academic Writing
  • Logic in Argumentative Writing
  • Paragraphs and Phrasing
  • Appropriate Language
  • Active and Passive Voice
View the Cornell Guide to Library Research

Cornell Guide to Library Research (Website)


Reference Department, Collections, Reference, Instruction & Outreach (CRIO). "Guide to Library Research at Cornell." Ithaca, NY: Cornell University
Library, May 2007.

Visit the InfoPlease website

Writing Skills from InfoPlease (Website)

Good writing skills are essential for effective communication. Learning to write well takes time and practice. Be sure to leave yourself enough time for all of the necessary steps described at the Infoplease Website. Topics Include: Essays, Writing Different Types of Essays, How to Write a Biography, How to Write a Research Paper, How to Write a Bibliography , How to Write a Speech, Spelling & Grammar, Sentence Structure.

View the USAFA Executive Writing Course Guide

USAFA Executive Writing Course Guide (31 pages)

The USAFA Executive Writing Course Guide provides specific ideas on organizing your writing and ways to write concisely and with active voice.

View the free 1918 online edition of the book

The Elements of Style (Online book)

The Elements of Style by Strunk & White, is simply a classic when it comes to writing. This book starts out dealing with word-level, sentence-level issues in the first part, section 1-22 (rules of usage and composition)—defer to AU guide when there is any conflicting issue. The second part is more about global issues regarding audience, purpose, issues of writing and being a writer rather than issues of conventional language usage. This free online version is the orgiinal 1918 version or you can purchase the more current versions just about anywhere.

Please note: These links not endorsed nor sponsored by the United States Air Force, Air University, or the eSchool of Graduate PME.

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