By Marine Corps Cpl. Dallas Johnson
/ Published February 12, 2018
Marine Corps Reservists with Fox Company, 4th Tank Battalion, 4th Marine Division, are testing their ability to conduct operations in the deep snow and extreme cold of the harsh northern Michigan winter here during Exercise Winter Break ‘18, Feb. 6-14.
This was the first time the tank company, which is based at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, conducted training specifically designed to improve their ability to operate in cold weather environments.
“Especially for Fox Company, this training gives us something else to work on outside of Camp Lejeune,” said Marine Corps Gunnery Sgt. Kyle Lloyd, the company’s master gunner. “It tasks us to an environment the Marines don’t normally operate in.”
The Marines began with land navigation, formations, night driving and a class on concealment and camouflage, which is more challenging in a snowy environment, particularly for an armored vehicle as large as the Abrams M1A1 tank. Throughout the week, Marines advanced to platoon offensive and defensive operations, then company level operations.
For many of the Marines taking part in the exercise, battling the cold was only part of the experience.
“Being out here is definitely cold, but it gets us out and into a different environment,” said Marine Corps Sgt. Michael Colbert, a tank crewman. “We’re able to challenge ourselves on how we operate as a unit. Whether it’s hot, cold or raining, it doesn’t matter what the environment really is. Here in the Marine Corps, you learn how to lead, how to organize and be productive.”
Friction was built into the training exercise, but there were also unexpected challenges.
“Cold weather affects everything we do,” said Marine Corps Capt. Andrew Bender, the company commander. “In short, it has to be more deliberate. A lot of what we do is limited by weather that routinely gets down to single digits or below zero. In addition, the thought process -- simply thinking and responding to unknown uncertainties, friction points and chaos tends to be slower in Marines who aren’t acclimatized to an environment of such an extreme nature.”
Winter Break ‘18 was also an opportunity for Marines to validate their cold weather equipment. The M1A1 tank uses rubber pads on the track to provide adhesive friction. But the rubber pads lose traction under icy conditions in steep terrain, just like automobile tires lose traction on icy roads in winter. The Marines installed "ice cleats" on every fifth shoe of the track of their M1A1 tanks to give more "bite" and to provide traction on icy and hilly terrain.
Fox Company, a Marine Corps Forces Reserve unit, regularly trains with and augments 2nd Tank Battalion, 2nd Marine Division, which is also located at Camp Lejeune.
“For the bigger picture, for the Marine Corps, this is allowing us to go through and validate the training and readiness standards for the tank community for both Reserve and active-duty Marines,” Lloyd said. “We’re ensuring that not only are we training Reserve Marines to what ongoing threats are, but we’re showing the active component what’s going on as well.”